), … Melaka Straits Mosque. China for example, depends on the Straits to carry 90% of its trade through the waterways, and more than 80% of its energy imports. [6] IMB attributed the reduction in the number of attacks on the increased patrols in the Straits of Malacca by the navies of the littoral states. [3] Defining ‘terrorism’ is a task that is evoking very strong emotions in international relations. At its narrowest point, it is only 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km; 1.7 mi) wide. Strait of Malacca, which separates the Malay Peninsula from Sumatra, and connects the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea. LRITS will allow ships to identify each other's registration and the type of cargo being carried. Located in one of the world’s most vibrant economic growth areas, the Straits is a pivotal link in international trade and transportation. Som historical information relating to the Malacca strait has been gathered here for the benefit of the case study. Nevertheless, the efforts to maintain and secure the waterway have always been undertaken by the littoral states, and it is they who have shouldered the bulk of the costs involved as well. The high expectations from international users and the ever-burgeoning traffic in the Straits have combined to exert considerable pressure on the littoral states to provide the maritime infrastructure to ensure security and navigation safety in the waterway. The waterway connecting the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) and the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean) is known as the Strait of Malacca.It runs between the Indonesian island of Sumatra to the west and peninsular (West) Malaysia and extreme southern Thailand to the east and has an area of about 25,000 square miles (65,000 square kilometers). 3. Similar strong protests have been registered by shipping industry associations in the region against the assessment, but such efforts to convince the JWC to reverse its decision have been largely unsuccessful. The recent IMB figures showing dramatic reduction of piracy attacks in the Straits vindicate the efforts undertaken to boost security in the waterway. • The implementation of MALSINDO, a coordinated patrol scheme involving the navies of Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia. The governments of Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia have called on the JWC to review its position on the Straits of Malacca. What Is the Capital of Tonga? These vessels include bulk carriers, container vessels, ferries, tankers, very large crude carriers (VLCC), barges Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). The allure of Malacca is manifold with its unique pedigree borne from its ancestral settlers from the four corners of the world. Chief ports include Belawan in Indonesia and Melaka Melaka or Malacca, state (1991 pop. This article offers an holistic perspective on security in the Straits of Malacca. Given the improving security environment in the Straits, JWC should re-evaluate its dependence on the ‘advisory’ of security consultants and its one-eyed approach of not consulting with the relevant parties in coming up with its categorization. 2. Kedah served as a western port on the Malay Peninsula. (It is one of the highest-volume shipping lanes in the world.) JWC has stated that it would welcome measures to reduce security concerns in the Straits, including precisely the kind that the littoral states have undertaken. The committee mentioned that it is entirely up to individual insurers to react to its evaluation. It links the Andaman Sea and the Java Sea. It entails the coordination of patrols by a littoral state in its jurisdiction and sovereignty area with patrol partners in other areas, with the command centered in the respective countries. Strait of Malacca, waterway connecting the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) and the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean). Recent reports of insurance premium increase on ships traversing the Straits lend currency to this worry. Singapore Strait, channel extending for 65 miles (105 km) between the Strait of Malacca (west) and the South China Sea (east). This can be attributed to increased efforts by the littoral states to improve security in the Straits. Nazery Khalid is a Research Fellow, Maritime Institute of Malaysia. All about Indian Navy. Tag: strait of malacca. Hence, the burden rests on the insured to prove that his vessel was damaged or lost as a consequence of an insured peril. Even more so when one takes into account that incidents of pirate attacks in the Straits are at their lowest in a long time [10]. Aerial footage of Kuala Lumpur city and Malacca Strait - Duration: 1:18. Situated on Pulau Melaka, the was opened on 24 th November 2006 whereby the opening ceremony was done by the Sultan of Malaysia at the time. The ever-increasing traffic in the waterway adds to the challenge in navigating this waterway a width of only one kilometer at its narrowest point, making the Straits vulnerable to collision and vessels running aground, either of which could threaten its ecosystem. Historically, piracy in the Strait of Malacca was not only a lucrative way of life but also an important political tool. Over 63,000 ships traversed the Straits annually [1], and traffic volume is set to increase in the years ahead, as maritime trade and demand for shipping services in the region grows, notably with the China’s projected rise as an economic superpower. [10] IMB reported only 10 attacks by pirates in the Straits of Malacca in the third quarter of 2005, a sharp drop from 25 in the same period in 2004. But it has also affirmed that the Straits of Malacca would remain on the list until it was clear that the measures planned by government and other agencies in the area had been implemented and were effective. While it is not realistic to expect zero-piracy in the huge area of the Straits, the recent drastic drop in piracy attacks in to the Straits reveals the positive results of the intense efforts undertaken by the littoral states. Carrying a third of world trade and half of its oil supplies, security in the Straits is a concern of everyone with a stake in the waterway. They traded glassware, camphor, cotton goods, brocades, ivory, sandalwood, perfume, and precious stones. The owners of these vessels, forming the majority of the vessels using the Straits, see themselves as small players, hence not at risk of attacks. Rulers relied on the region's pirates to maintain control. It lies in Chilean territorial waters for the most part. The strait is a major shipping connection between the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean, and it represents a major link between large Asian countries such as South Korea, China, Taiwan, Japan, and India. Security threats in the Straits The Straits of Malacca face myriad threats that pose concerns for the littoral states and to all with any stake and interest in the Straits. • The increase in the capacity and scope of several security systems already in place involving sea surveillance, vessel traffic and ship reporting. strait of malacca The Strait of Malacca is a narrow strait of water that divides the Indonesian island of Sumatra from Malaysia and Singapore. We virtually reached our $12,000 goal, keeping the journal on a firm footing in the coming year. # The Importance of the Straits of Malacca # Strait of Malacca # Importance of malacca strait for india and china # Chinas Malacca Dilemma # India China Standoff # India China Border Tension # भारत-चीन विवाद # HPJagranSpecial # India China News # Chinas Maritime Security # strait of malacca facts # malacca strait connects The 11 September 2001 attacks on US commercial, political and military interests have spurred the maritime sector everywhere to reassess its vulnerabilities against potential acts of hostility and sabotage. The Battle of the Malacca Strait, sometimes called the Sinking of the Haguro, and in Japanese sources as the Battle off Penang (ペナン沖海戦), was a naval battle that resulted from the British search and destroy operation in May 1945, called Operation Dukedom, that resulted in the sinking of the Japanese cruiser Haguro. EIS is an open arrangement that may involve the participation of other countries on a voluntary basis, if deemed necessary by the littoral states. The littoral states have steadfastly called for a sense of perspective to be exercised in assessing the security situation in the Straits of Malacca. It is hence crucial that stakeholders of the Straits find convergence in their dissimilarities and divergent interests towards protecting it. MALSINDO complements several previous bilateral coordinated patrols conducted between littoral states. These and other countries have a vital stake in keeping the Straits secure and safe. Some big-name shipping insurance underwriters had been known to raise their premium based on JWC’s categorization on the Straits of Malacca. Through their actions and statements, they have demonstrated their tough stand on piracy. The intense concentration in cargo traffic in the Straits has spawned a complex web of hub and feeder shipping networks within the region and with the rest of the world. Thus far, a definitive link between the two has yet to be established, although security analysts have speculated on the possibility of terrorists ‘subcontracting’ their work to pirates, leading to anxiety based on worst-case scenarios and questionable threat perception. The Straits’ long and narrow coastline provides physical features conducive to the proliferation of such activities. A South East Asian Regional Center for Counter-Terrorism has been set up, while agreements have been reached between ASEAN members and dialogue partners such as the US and EU with reference to cooperation against terrorism in the field of security. Coverage about 1668km square with 790,136 population become the second smallest states in,... Carries 50,000 vessels per year, carrying between one-fifth and one qua… the Strait Malacca. 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